What are the 7 elements of interior design?

What are the 7 elements of interior design

Balancing the 7 elements of interior design creates a perfect illusion. You can relate it by preparing a good meal. You need to put together ingredients equal to get the best. In the same way, learning how to put together and balance the elements of interior design is a guarantee for the best results. Learn and master the 7 elements of layout then incorporate them into your favorite styles.

Seven is a magic number, and interior design is no exception. If you are interested in becoming an interior designer, then you need the seen elements, creativity, and internal design principles for creative inspiration.

What are the 7 Elements of Interior Design?

The Interior design elements are documented, but they might have been shoved to the side in a rush to discover new ways to design and achieve results. Today, we will discuss the seven interior design elements and how to balance them when designing any property o room.

What are the 7 elements of interior design? They are as follows:

  1. Space
  2. Texture
  3. Pattern and Print
  4. Line
  5. Light 
  6. Form
  7. Color

#1: Space

What space are you working on? Unfurnished space is known as negative space, and it is as vital as furnished space. In a negative space, you don’t have to fill all of it. It is good not to overdo furniture and accessories.

Space is the pivot point of the design decisions, and it is classified into two: 2D and 3D space. 2D accounts for the length and width of a room. And you will be thinking about carpets and rugs. 3D space is the height of the room, and you will be thinking about how to fit shelves and furniture. Also, you need to leave enough room for easy navigation.

When working in a small space, large objects fool the eye to think it is ample space. The large pots you see in corners and hallways play the trick. Split long rooms to create areas of different interests and put in mind the uses of the room. Also, leave fluid space for people to move around, and sit down without knocking things.

#2: Light

Depending on the location of the room, evaluate where your light is coming from. Also, figure out how much you have throughout the day, at dawn, dusk, and evening. Knowing where the light comes from will help you determine the color applications that will enhance the space.

Ambient light is ideal for lighting at night, and as it streams, think of every room where it hits and doesn’t. Places with indirect lighting need overhead lighting and plan accordingly for what works for the floor, walls, and ample space.

The power of lighting affects perception. Quality of illumination (Man-made or natural) is vital in a room. Always remember to keep in mind the purpose of the room.

#3: Shape and Layout (Form)

A form is the shape or contours of any furniture, artwork, or any 3D objects in a room. There are two types of forms that furniture, sculpture, or rooms can take: 

Organic forms: These are natural and irregular shapes that are curvy or abstract. Geometric forms: They feature sharp, man-made lines and edges, such as squares or triangles. 

You need to accentuate suitable shapes with color while you cover the wrong forms and their flaws. In a home, nooks, fireplaces, and L-shaped rooms can look or appear awkward. Most alcoves are customized as bookcases, and the furnace usually is spacious with built-in joinery. If the nook is big enough, it can be a perfect place for TV screens.

#4: Line

Lines are challenging to work with, but you can enhance those that are well laid out like beams and windows. You can place furniture along the same lines. Blocking lines can jar the eye because diagonals make people uncomfortable. Rooms that are right-angled are comfortable to work on since they make things appear symmetrical. 

Compliment furniture, rugs, and artwork along the same lines—picture lines as the perimeter surrounding a form or shape. Lines can be vertical, horizontal, or dynamic(Lines that express motion like zigzags or waves. Design professionals say horizontal lines bring security while vertical lines are expressive, and bold and vibrant lines spice up with their different rules like adding up fun if used correctly.

#5: Color

Lighting is quite crucial in defining home, but the color is what determines the final look of a home. However, as necessary as it is, it does not overdo it or stick to neutrals. If you decide to use neutrals, try applying three shades on different walls as it will project depth keeping the space interesting. 

Apply color carefully as it affects the size of a room. For instance, dark colors bring the walls closer, while bright tones widen a place.

Woodwork and ceiling should be painted as they are called the fifth wall. Different colors for each partition are the best decision instead of white all over. Colors influence the mood in a room. For example, Red is passionate or intense, blue and green are tranquil or soothing, and yellow is a happy color. 

#6: Print and Pattern

A pattern is created when forms, lines, or design elements are intentionally repeated, making them pop up on fabric or wallpaper. In a room, patterns can add life and motion, but too many can be chaotic. Design and print bring out texture, especially if it is repeated.

You can carefully use print with another, but it takes guts, and good choices and the result will be unique and quite rewarding. All patterns don’t have to be symmetrical or matching.

#7: Texture

Use different materials for curtains, sofas, and cushions to create a multi-textured harmony. To achieve the best results with texture, bind the scheme for a uniform look throughout the house. For example, a hotel suite, bedroom, and sitting room have different uses, but they work together seamlessly. 

Texture can refer to different materials like things such as leather, fur, wool, felt silk, cotton, sheer, wood, mirror, marble, metal, concrete, paper, or glass. All these materials have different textures, and you can combine them for the best results.


What are the 7 elements of interior design?

The above mention is the 7 elements of interior design. Take your time before you start on a project to decorate a negative or furnished space. As explained above, blend all seven elements and consider balancing them for the best results.

Read More: In which beer do bubbles sink to the bottom other than Floating to the top?


Andrew is a professional writer with 7+ Years of experience. His style and uniqueness inspire and educate readers throughout the world.

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